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Glossary for domain name terms

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.COM (.commercial):

The .com extension is a well-known domain extension that can be used by any individual or business entity.

.NET (.network):

The .net extension can be registered by anyone though it was created for technical websites.

.ORG (.organization):

The .org extension was designed for other organizations that cannot be registered under the .com or .net extensions. But everyone is allowed to register an .org domain name.

.AERO:

The .aero extension is specially designed for air transport industry. This domain suffix is fully active (refer to NicAero for more information).

.BIZ:

The .biz extension is specially designated for business or commercial use.

.COOP:

The .coop extension is used by cooperative service organizations and subsidiaries of cooperatives (log on to nic.coop for more information).

.INFO:

The .info extension can be used by general public to register their domain name (more information available in info gateway).

.MUSEUM:

The .museum can be used only by museum organizations and members of the museum profession (more information is available at musedoma.museum).

.NAME:

The .name domain suffix is used by the general public (more information is available at nic.name).

.PRO:

The .pro extension is created for certified professionals like doctors.

Bandwidth:

Bandwidth is the transmission rate of data to a server. With higher bandwidth you can manage the site traffic in better way.

CGI (Common Gateway Interface):

CGI is a small script that interprets the web content to executable files.

Cgi-bin:

Cgi-bin is the directory on the web server where all executable files are treated as CGI scripts.

Domain servers:

Domain servers store Domain Name System (DNS) information of a domain in two lines. First line refers to the primary information of the site and the second line refers to the back up information.

Domain Name System(DNS):

DNS translates the machine understandable address (IP address) into words that can be read by humans.

Domain names:

Domain name is a group of strings that represents an address of an entity accessing the Internet. Without a domain name it is very confusing to have just the web addresses, as the unique domain name gives the internet server an easy and memorable address.

Escrow:

Escrows are third parties that hold money on behalf of transacting parties while selling domain name.

HTTP(HyperText Transfer Protocol):

HTTP is a protocol that transfers hypertexts across internet with client browser and a server.

ICANN(Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers):

ICANN coordinates IP address space and handles other maintenance tasks of domain name.

IP Address:

IP address is the numerical label that points the exact location of website on web.

Domain Name Parking:

Temporary storage of new domain names on servers until they are purchased is known as parking.

Propagation:

In propagation process, the name server updates its records with new domains and deletes the expired.

Reseller:

An individual or a business entity that purchases many domain names and resells the domain names through registry services.

Secure Socket Layer (SSL):

SSL is a protocol that begins with ‘http’ and provides strong authentication during e-commerce transactions.

Subdomain:

Subdomains are domain under pre-existing domain.

Top Level Domain(TLD):

TLD adds suffix to domain names..com, .net, .org and country codes such as .ca come under TLDs.

WHOIS:

All domain names are stored in WHOIS database which is maintained by each domain registrar.

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